Bouvet Island: The Most Remote Island In The World
Living on the mainland is not much different than living on a remote island, as long as you never leave. But if you had the chance to live on a remote island, would you? In this article, we are going to explore the most remote island in the world — Bouvet Island.
All about Bouvet island’s peculiarity
Bouvet Island is a volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is the most remote island in the world. Its located 1,739 kilometres (1,080 mi) from the nearest human settlement, Tristan da Cunha. The closest land is Queen Maud Land of Antarctica about 700 km to the southeast of Bouvet Island.
It consists of a central peak that reaches an altitude of 2,060 metres (6,760 ft). The island is surrounded by a high basaltic wall. It rises abruptly from the sea to a height of 279 metres (917 ft). The shoreline is steep with no beaches; however, some small landing places are on the southern side. There are no natural sources of fresh water available on the island.
Bouvet Island was discovered on January 1st 1739 by Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier and his second lieutenant Jean-Baptiste Lemaire. He was sent out by Louis XV to look for new lands to claim for France. They landed on what they named “Géologie” after finding some fossils on it but otherwise found nothing else but ice.
You can see the Bouvet island map below:
Bouvet island population
The island is uninhabited and home to no human beings. It is the largest private island in the world. In fact, there are no permanent inhabitants at all on the island. However, there are a few seasonal researchers who visit the island every year to study its ecology and wildlife.
There are five research stations on the island, which is a territory of Norway. The first was built in 1968 by the British, and researchers from many countries since have visited the island.
The only way to reach the Island is by boat. There are no airports or harbours on the island. The nearest harbour is located in Cape Town, South Africa. It’s about 1,000 miles from the coast of Bouvet Island.
The island’s remoteness means that it has received fewer visitors than some other remote islands. With the exception of an American expedition in 1968 — the first since 1928. This expedition was sponsored by the National Geographic Society and carried out by the NGS ship, Triton. The crew spent a week carrying out surveys, collecting specimens and carrying out research on marine biology and geology for their publication, “Voyage to Antarctica”.
Since then there have been only two subsequent visits to Bouvet Island — once in 1969 when Professor Peter Scott led an expedition aboard his ship ‘Robert Scott’, and again in 1971 when he returned with his wife Ginny as part of ‘Operation Deep Freeze’ (a long-term US military operation).
Can you live on Bouvet Island?
Bouvet Island has no airport or harbour, and its only landing site is a small helipad. There are no hotels or restaurants on this island. That is, it is almost impossible to live there for a long time.
But, here’s an interesting fact for you, there are 12 Australian bank accounts linked to the landmass. In fact, Bouvet Island is one of several dozen “land banks” owned by companies based in the tax havens of Bermuda and Singapore. These companies buy up undeveloped land across the world — including Antarctica — in order to collect rents from investors who want to avoid paying taxes on their returns.
Land banks like Bouvet Island make money by charging fees for managing property portfolios and parking investments in real estate markets that don’t pay taxes on capital gains (like Switzerland). They also charge fees for buying up shares in their companies, which can be sold back to investors as stocks or bonds.
Why does Norway own Bouvet Island?
The answer to the question of why Norway owns Bouvet Island lies in the island’s discovery.
The first recorded sighting of Bouvet Island was in 1739 by a British navigator, Captain James Cook. However, he did not land on the island since it was too cold and uninhabitable.
Later in 1808, a Norwegian whaling vessel named “Norvega” landed on the island and claimed it for Norway. The Norwegians called it Bouvetøya, which means “Bouvet Island.”
Since then, Norway has maintained its claim over the island and has been governing it as part of Svalbard, an archipelago that is controlled by Norway.
Norway has controlled Island since December 14th, 1927 when the Kingdom of Norway signed an agreement with Britain to administer it jointly. In 1971, Norway took full control of the island after negotiations over sovereignty with South Africa failed due to disagreements over fishing rights in the area.
We hope that you have enjoyed reading all of the information we have provided you regarding Bouvet Island.
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